Nonwovens & Technical Textiles
By Subhash K. Batra, Ph.D., Nonwovens Cooperative Research Center, North Carolina State University;
and Behnam Pourdeyhimi, Ph.D., Nonwovens Institute, North Carolina State University
Introduction to Nonwovens Technology provides unified and in-depth treatment of raw materials, web formation, bonding and melt-extrusion technologies, including background information on heat, heat transfer and polymer physics.
Covering proprietary technologies new or not widely known, Introduction to Nonwovens Technology introduces the concept of integrative technologies to produce multi-functional products, and is designed to work like a textbook or professional book, with hands-on problems and exercises.
The processing of nonwovens depends on a range of technologies, some adapted from the textile and paper industries, others developed uniquely for nonwovens production. Introduction to Nonwovens Technology provides a systematic step-by-step explanation of virtually all processes that integrate relevant raw materials into finished nonwovens for different end uses.
In comprehensive terms, Introduction to Nonwovens Technology explains the connection between the structure of nonwovens and the specialized, still-evolving technologies used to produce them—f rom simple roll goods to nanoscale webs and fiberwebs. The text also offers reviews of basic chemistry, polymer physics and heat transfer concepts, which are linked to processing and design information; and can be used by both professionals working in or new to the nonwovens industry, as well as students and instructors.
From the Foreword by John Hearle: "... the book summarizes existing technical knowledge and suggests ways of going beyond it."
By Wen Zhong, Ph.D., University of Manitoba
Introduction to Healthcare & Medical Textiles is a scientific introduction to the study, engineering and applications of medical textiles. It moves systematically from the fundamentals of textile materials and their fabrication through biocompatibility and biodegradability, to the applications of textiles in healthcare, ranging from hygiene to wound care, grafts and implantables.
• Explains basic textile concepts linking to medical textile design
• Covers wovens, knits, nonwovens, nanofibers and other advanced materials
• Investigates cell, tissue and skin interactions, with comfort and clinical applications
• Disposables, infection control, wound dressing, sutures, prosthetics, grafts, and more
Introduction to Healthcare & Medical Textiles analyzes how the internal structures of various types of textiles, wovens, knits and nonwovens, are related to specific medical/biomedical end uses. While carefully explaining the basics, Introduction to Healthcare & Medical Textiles aims to show the connection between textile properties and the design and development of medical and healthcare textile products. This text is designed for advanced students and industry-based textile researchers, engineers, and product developers.
Edited By László Kiss and Lyne St.-Georges, Université of Québec à Chicoutimi, Québec, Canada
Thermal Conductivity 31/Thermal Expansion 19 presents heat transfer research involving new thermal and thermo-mechanical tests and models for a wide range of chemical compounds, engineered and building materials, including asphalt, concrete, ionic liquids, thin films, insulation, metallic alloys and powders, glasses, crystals, and oil. Also covered are metrology of heat flux, parametric estimation, and inverse methods.
• Innovative approaches and apparatus for measuring heat transfer and expansion
• In metals, aerospace materials, glasses, ionic liquids and more
• All articles are edited and peer-reviewed
The thirty-one chapters in the book are edited and refereed versions of presentations made at the 31st International Thermal Conductivity Conference (ITCC) and the 19th International Thermal Expansion Symposium.
ISBN: 978-1-60595-055-6, May 2013, 342 pages
Asian Automotive Textiles: Opportunities and challenges for leading producers provides a unique
reference resource of the automotive textile industry in 10 Asian markets, including China, Japan,
india, south Korea,Thailand, Taiwan, Indonesia, Iran, Pakistan and Malaysia. these economies
produce and consume more than 95% of the Asian automotive textile market.
This new report provides the latest available commercial information on leading automotive textile producers in Asia and an in-depth analysis of the current business environment affecting the region’s automotive textile sector. it identifies strengths, weaknesses and strategic challenges enabling manufacturers, trading companies and investors to make critical decisions and locate opportunities in this rapidly growing market.
Written by Chen Nan Yang, this in-depth report, with around 220 pages and 80 tables:
• examines the Asian automobile industry and market
• explores the outlook for the Asian automotive textiles industry
• describes problems and highlights strategic plans
• identifies investment and business opportunities.
Published by Textile Media Services
Automotive Composites: From steel to carbon and from glass to grass reviews the history and current
use of composites in the automotive sector and assesses how far these materials are from being used
in mass vehicle production.
Written by Adrian Wilson, this in-depth report, with more than 200 pages and over 50 tables, provides a sustainable roadmap for the automotive composites industry for the next decade and beyond. It includes detailed analyses of the production and markets for carbon fibers, glass fibers and natural fibers, and profiles of leading suppliers of these input materials.
Published by Textile Media Services
In addition to an overview of the global automotive industry and the use of textile materials in
vehicles, this new report provides the latest developments with regard to product areas and leading
players, bringing together the key themes that are forecast to play a prominent role in future
generations of automotive textiles.
Printed version sold out; available as a PDF only.
Published by Textile Media Services
Automotive Textiles: The Changing Landscape for Tier 1 and Tier 2 Suppliers – 40 company profiles
(2nd Edition) provides the latest analysis of the fast-altering global automotive textiles
Featuring an overview of the global automotive industry and the wide-ranging use of textile materials in vehicles, Automotive Textiles covers the latest developments with regard to product areas and leading players, bringing together the key themes that are forecast to play a prominent role in future generations of automotive textiles.
Written by Adrian Wilson, Automotive Textiles gives more than 200 pages and over 100 tables:
• examines the global automotive industry
• defines automotive fabrics and textiles
• identifies key areas of application
• contains profiles of 40 key users and producers of automotive textiles
Published by Textile Media Services
China Technical Textiles: Key producers and market trends to 2015 provides a unique reference
resource of the Chinese technical textile industries. These produced a total of 8.2m tonnes of
technical textiles in 2010, accounting for more than one third of global production, including the
Agrotech, Buildtech, Clothtech, Geotech, Hometech, Indutech, Medtech, Mobiltech, Packtech, Protech
and Sportech application areas.
China Technical Textiles provides the latest available commercial information on leading technical textile producers in China and an analysis of the industry structure, competition, market trends and technology developments. It identifies strengths, weaknesses, risks and strategic challenges of these leading suppliers, enabling manufacturers, trading companies and investors to make critical decisions and locate opportunities in this rapidly growing market.
Written by Chen Nan Yang, this in-depth report, with more than 220 pages and over 50 tables:
• examines China’s technical textile industry and market
• forecasts industry and market trends to 2015
• discusses the industry structure and competition
• identifies investment and business opportunities
• explores the future outlook
• describes challenges and highlights strategic plans
Published by Textile Media Services
Personal Protection Textiles: 40 suppliers of heavy duty fabrics outlines the global market for
personal protection clothing in the institutional, workwear and private sectors, and details the
most important legislation, regulations and standards that govern their manufacture and use.
Featuring an overview of the personal protection equipment (PPE) industry and the wide-ranging use of textile materials involved in the protection of humans in a range of hostile environments, Personal Protection Textiles explains the latest developments with regard to product areas and leading players, bringing together the key themes that are forecast to play a prominent role in future generations of personal protection textiles.
Written by internationally respected textile journalist Claudia Ollenhauer-Ries, Personal Protection Textiles gives 200 pages and 50 tables in-depth detail, including profiles of 40 leading global textile companies that supply speciality textiles for personal protection apparel. Some of these suppliers of heavy duty textiles are integrated manufacturers from spinning to weaving or knitting and finishing; others cover parts of the textile process.
Published by Textile Media Services
Textiles in Architecture: Materials suppliers for building and construction describes international
companies that weave, knit, coat, bond or finish fabrics used in building and construction. Sun and
weather protection as well as light and temperature regulation are the main applications for the
fabrics produced by the companies featured in this new publication.
Written by internationally respected textile journalist Claudia Ollenhauer, this in-depth report, with more than 150 pages and over 20 tables includes detailed profiles of around 30 companies and shorter profiles of more than 40 other suppliers, as well as a glossary of relevant abbreviations, a list of exemplary brands and a list of the most important standards applicable in this field.
Published by Textile Media Services
While various books address the technical textile industry, most are vague or narrow in scope,
addressing only a specific process, fabric structure, or area of application. Although the
development of technical and industrial applications for textiles goes back many years, more recent
milestones have marked the emergence of technical textiles, as we know them today. Very largely,
these have centered upon new materials, processes, and applications.
A comprehensive book, HANDBOOK OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES provides in-depth coverage of all the principal aspects of manufacturing processes and fabric structures, plus in-depth reporting on all major applications of high-tech textiles.
This publication examines textiles for a wide range of industrial uses, including heat and flame protection applications, waterproof and breathable fabrics, geotextiles and natural fibre geotextiles; as well as the use of textiles in medicine, defence, transport and filtration; textiles for survival, and textiles and the environment.
HANDBOOK OF TECHNICAL TEXTILES is ideal for textile yarn and fibre manufacturers, producers of woven, knitted, and non-woven fabrics, textile finishers, and companies producing new textile coatings and colorants. If you work with textiles in any capacity, this will prove itself an indispensable guide and an up-to-date reference book.
Written by a distinguished editor and an international team of experts, Textiles for Sport explores technical developments and trends in the sports clothing industry. This book discusses the current sportswear market, analyzing current design, material requirement, and functional footwear. It outlines innovative fabrics including high-performance and high-functional fibers, smart and intelligent textiles, and coated and laminated textiles. It examines the need for comfort in sportswear and its role in performance. This text also considers the issue of protection and offers specific applications with case studies of textile composites, textiles in sailing, and textile use in sports shoes.
The late twentieth century saw an unprecedented increase in emphasis on protection of the human form, leading to the development of new textile fibers, structures, and clothing systems to provide improved protection. Textiles for Protection draws together scientific and technical experts from around the world to produce an important source of current knowledge on textile materials and clothing and their use in the protection of humans in hostile environments. The book begins with a review of materials and design issues, including legislative and regulatory issues. Part two covers general protection and applications and part three provides illustrative case studies.
Microstructural Characterisation of Fibre-Reinforced Composites examines the application of advanced microstructural characterisation techniques to fibre-reinforced composites, which are generally manufactured using filaments with microscopic diameters. This book discusses the range of reinforcement forms used in commercial applications - from random arrays to fully aligned, demonstrating how the microstructure is a critical factor in realizing required properties in a material.
Fire Retardant Materials provides a comprehensive source of information on all aspects of fire
retardancy, emphasizing the burning behavior and flame retarding properties of polymetric
materials. It covers combustion, flame retardants, smoke and toxic products in general, and
material-specific aspects of combustion in relation to textiles, composites, and bulk polymers.
The book includes the latest research in the nanocomposites, making it an essential source for anyone working with, studying, and developing fire retardant materials.
The text considers material properties first; why materials may need to be fire retarded; how this may be undertaken; and the consequences. It highlights the juxtaposition of increased demands for safety and increased concerns about the risks to health and the environment caused by using flame retardants and fire retardant materials. The book discusses the fundamental issues that determine whether or not a material is flammable and how flame retardancy may be conferred both mechanistically and by means of established flame retardant systems. It also explores emerging methods and anticipated changes for performance-based tests.
Written by experts from a wide range of inter-disciplinary subjects, Fire Retardant Materials represents a compilation of information never before found in one source. Readable and user-friendly, it addresses not only the advances in this field but also concerns and needs of the future.
The Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles has been a widely used textile industry
reference for more than 50 years. Now a completely updated new edition has been published.
It was prepared by a team of industrial textile specialists at Auburn University to provide both technical and management personnel with a comprehensive resource on the current technology and applications of today's industrial textiles.All aspects of industrial textiles are covered: man-made and natural materials, manufacturing and finishing methods, and all applications.
There are also sections on properties, testing, waste management, computers and automation, and standards and regulations. The appendices provide extensive reference data: properties, specifications, manufacturers and trade names, mathematical equations and measurement units.
The text is organized for easy reference, and well illustrated with hundreds of schematics and photographs.
A variety of textile components are used in cars today, from tires, hoses and belts to carpets,
seats and airbags. This new text provides a detailed guide and reference to all automotive textiles
and applications, including fibers and fabrics, component design, production and finishing methods,
and performance in specific applications.
The presentation and content serve the practical information needs of all those involved in the development, design, production, evaluation, and selection of these materials and components.
In addition to thorough coverage of all automotive textile materials and applications, chapters also present current information on several related special topics. Environmental concerns, including recycling, are examined in one chapter. (Health and safety aspects, such as materials flammability, are covered within other chapters.) One chapter examines current developments and trends in automotive textiles that help identify future developments in this applications area. Another chapter provides a detailed guide to information sources in this field.
The text is carefully organized for convenient reference and supplemented with more than 90 photo-graphs, diagrams and other schematics that illustrate production and finishing methods and machinery, materials structure, component design, and applications.
The hundreds of references and suggestions for further reading provide an extensive database on the literature of this subject. A glossary provides definitions of words and terms in this field. And a detailed index enables easy look-up of needed information.
This text and reference provides engineers and other technical personnel involved in automotive textile applications with a convenient one-volume information resource.
SMART FIBRES, FABRICS AND CLOTHING starts with a review of the background to smart technology and
goes on to cover a wide range of the material science and fiber science aspects of the technology
including: *electrically active polymeric materials and the applications of nonionic polymer gel
and elastomers for artificial muscles *thermally sensitive fibres and fabrics *cross-linked polyol
fibrous substratesstimuli-responsive interpenetrating polymer network hydrogel *permeation control
through stimuli-responsive polymer membranes *optical fibre sensors, hollow fibre membranes for gas
separation *integrating fibre-formed components into textile structures *wearable electronic and
photonic technologies *adaptive and responsive textile structures (ARTS) *biomedical applications
including the applications of scaffolds in tissue engineering.
This book provides a guide to the fundamentals and latest developments in smart technology for textiles and clothing. The contributors represent a distinguished international panel of experts and the book covers many aspects of cutting edge research and development. It gives you insight into technological developments in the field valuable and fascinating.
The use of textile materials for medical and healthcare products ranges from simple gauze or
bandage material to scaffolds for tissue culturing and a large variety of prostheses for permanent
This edited collection provides up-to-date information on all aspects of this rapidly developing field.
Textile composites encompass a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. This book describes the design, manufacture and applications of textile composites. The intention is to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to 3-D textiles and their applications. The book gives particular attention to the modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods, and subsequent component performance. This practical book is an invaluable guide for manufacturers of polymer composite components, end-users and designers, structural materials researchers, and textile manufacturers involved in the development of new products with textile composites.
As composite materials gain increasing prominence in engineering applications, it becomes essential
for designers and engineers to have a thorough grounding in the various material forms, their
production, their benefits, and their limitations.
Composite Materials: Engineering and Science helps build the groundwork needed to begin incorporating these remarkable materials -- with high strength and stiffness yet low weight -- into projects, and effectively exploit their advantages.
The text discusses the different forms of reinforcement and matrix and their interaction. Although it focuses on the most widely used composites -- polymer matrices and fibrous reinforcement -- it also addresses metal and ceramic matrix systems.
A substantial portion of the text deals with methods for calculating stiffness and strength, and the authors provide worked examples and representative data. The final chapters address the various aspects of mechanical behavior, including toughness, fatigue, impact resistance, and the properties of joints -- including toughening mechanisms and repair. The book concludes with a presentation of non-destructive testing methods.
With its numerous examples and self-assessment questions, Composite Materials: Engineering and Science makes the ideal text for designers and engineers new to the world of composites.
Laminated composite materials have been used in structural applications since the 1960s. However,
their high cost and inability to accommodate fibers in the laminate's thickness direction greatly
reduce their damage tolerance and impact resistance.
The second generation of materials-3-D textile reinforced composites-offers significant cost reduction, and by incorporating reinforcement in the thickness direction, dramatically increases damage tolerance and impact resistance.However, methods for predicting mechanical properties of 3-D textile reinforced composite materials tend to be more complex.
These materials also have disadvantages-particularly in regard to crimps in the yarns-that require more research. Textile preforms, micro- and macromechanical modeling, manufacturing processes, and characterization all need further development. As researchers overcome these problems, this new generation of composites will emerge as a highly competitive family of materials.
3-D Textile Reinforcements in Composite Materials provides a state-of-the-art account of this promising technology. In it, top experts describe the manufacturing processes, highlight the advantages, identify the main applications, analyze methods for predicting mechanical properties, and detail various reinforcement strategies, including grid structure, knitted fabric composites, and the braiding technique.
Armed with the information in this book, readers will be prepared to better exploit the advantages of 3-D textile reinforced composites, overcome its disadvantages, and contribute to the further development of the technology.